My research focuses on the issue of convergence and judicial fragmentation within International Human Rights Law.
The proliferation of regional and international human rights instruments and bodies, the lack of a clear hierarchy among sources and bodies and the wide margin of interpretation left to judicial and quasi-judicial bodies contribute to establish a fertile ground for the arising of contrasting judgments from the adjudicatory bodies, thus determining judicial fragmentation.
The aim of my thesis is to assess the current extent of the phenomenon of judicial fragmentation in the case-law of the three main regional human rights bodies (the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Court -and Commission- of Human and People's Rights) and of the UN Human Rights Committee. Moreover, through the analysis of previous phenomenon of fragmentation now fully solved, my research attempts to identify the factors and elements that cause judicial fragmentation or, otherwise, judicial convergence. This analysis is not limited to the legal sphere, thus identifying also extra-judicial factors like negotiations and mediation as well as political equilibrium and relations between Courts and States and cultural and social variables.